What Are the Causes of Melasma?

What Are the Causes of Melasma?

The causes of melasma can vary, depending on the individual. These may include tanning beds, stress, pregnancy, or birth control pills. A medical professional can diagnose by looking at the patient’s skin and medical history. A doctor may also use a special lamp, called an ultraviolet light (UVL) lamp, to better see patterns in the skin. Symptoms of melasma may last until the pregnancy ends or after stopping the use of certain hormone medicines, usually months. During this time, it is advisable to wear a hat with a brim or sunscreen on vulnerable areas. There are many other melasma treatments in Dubai that can help your get rid of this condition.

Tanning beds:

People with melasma need to take care of themselves while in the sun. They should apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen every day. Tanning beds produce ultraviolet radiation that can cause the skin to become discolored and lead to the development of melasma. Despite their reputation, tanning beds don’t cause melasma, but they can make it worse and increase your risk for skin cancer.


Although psychological stress is not directly irritant to the skin, it is thought to be a possible trigger for melasma. The stress hormone cortisol increases estrogen and may affect the thyroid gland, which lies in the mid-lower neck. Thyroxine is a hormone essential for the proper functioning of many cells. It is believed that depression and stress are also associated with melasma.


Melasma is a skin condition characterized by patches of discoloration that resemble freckles. It is a common problem among pregnant women and occurs in up to 50 percent of cases. While it can develop anywhere on the skin, it is most common on the cheeks. Despite being a benign skin condition, melasma can negatively impact a woman’s self-esteem. Increased estrogen levels can trigger melasma, and it’s thought that pregnancy can lead to this condition.

Birth control pills:

If you’ve been on hormonal birth control, you may have noticed dark spots that look like melasma. The pill may cause these dark patches. It’s important to know that birth control isn’t the only thing that can lead to dark spots. Other causes of melasma include hormones from birth control. Contrary to popular belief, birth control does help prevent pregnancy and reduce symptoms of acne and PMS. However, these same birth control pills can cause dark spots.